Neither Cooley, who is a consultant for AT&T, nor Gowan, a consultant for Comcast Cable, are registered as lobbyists. Both would be covered by a provision of state law that says high-ranking state officials, until one year after they leave their position, are prohibited from lobbying.
Cooley stepped down as deputy governor in December 2006. Gowan left his senior adviser position with the administration on Nov. 16, 2007.
A lobbyist, according to the relevant portion of a definition incorporated into state law, is a person who "directly or indirectly" communicates with a legislator or an officer of the executive branch of state government for the purpose of influencing legislation.